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Redirect outgoing NTP traffic to an internal NTP server

Redirect outgoing NTP traffic to an internal NTP server

Tired of seeing outbound NTP blocks in your firewall logs because you restrict outgoing traffic? Or maybe you are receiving alerts because some device uses NTP pool resources (such as pool.ntp.org) and one of those IP addresses has ended up on a blacklist, blocklist, threat intelligence feed, etc? Either way, few things in the life of an IT or security professional are as frustrating as false positives. This write-up will help you change that with a little NAT magic, aka…

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Configuring Quad9 on pfSense

Configuring Quad9 on pfSense

Quad9 is a DNS platform that adds several layers of security. It does this via standard DNS queries/responses.Basically, if a machine on your network queries a known bad hostname, the Quad9 DNS server responds by stating that domain does not exist (NX DOMAIN or non-existent domain). Quad9 also allows you to use DNS over TLS. If you would like a bit more info on Quad9 including some speed benchmarks against other DNS services, I would suggest an earlier article, Quad9 – First…

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Quad9 – First Thoughts & Benchmarks

Quad9 – First Thoughts & Benchmarks

Quad9 is the collaboration of IBM X-Force, PCH, and Global Cyber Alliance. It provides a DNS platform that combines high performance with security by blocking known malicious domains. At the time of this writing, Quad9 was using 19 threat feeds. I’m not going to get into the marketing speak because quite frankly, enough folks cover that well enough. Quad9 <- Main Site New “Quad9” DNS service blocks malicious domains for everyone <- Ars Technica Instead, I’ll provide the bare essentials…

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Implementing SPF, DKIM, and DMARC

Implementing SPF, DKIM, and DMARC

If you made it here, you might not be interested in the why’s of implementing the holy trinity – SPF, DKIM, and DMARC – of anti-email spoofing. However, if you’re still uncertain whether you should or shouldn’t, just do it! With the guide below, you’ll see it isn’t all that difficult and when used together, they provide great benefits like brand protection, reducing a phishing attack vector, less chance of your legitimate marketing emails ending up in spam, etc. It also…

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Using pfBlockerNG (And Block Lists) On pfSense

Using pfBlockerNG (And Block Lists) On pfSense

If you are also interested in pfBlockerNG (DNSBL) for ad and malvertising blocking, I have a walk-through on it here!  –> Blocking Ads & Malvertising on pfSense Using pfBlockerNG (DNSBL) <– In a previous post, I talked about implementing blocklists (aka IP reputation lists, ban lists, blacklists, etc.) generically on nearly any firewall to improve your security. The examples I used were on pfSense and OPNsense. I also discussed the methodology and some background as well so if you’re just coming into…

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Using Firewall Block Lists

Using Firewall Block Lists

Changelog 28Feb2017 – Originally posted 19Mar2017 – Added firehol_level3 section 15Feb2018 – Added outbound/LAN rule section This guide is primarily for anyone using a firewall other than pfSense. If you are using pfSense, I would strongly suggest following my guide written specifically for pfSense (and pfBlockerNG). That guide replicates/mirrors much of the work below and also adds to it.  https://www.linuxincluded.com/using-pfblockerng-on-pfsense/ IP reputation lists (aka IP blacklists, ban lists, block lists, etc.) are fairly plentiful and some are better (more IPs…

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